Topic Area 1 - Biomass Resource Supply, Development and Characterization
Biomass Supply and Logistics
Plant Science and Technology
- Advances in the development and application of improved agronomic practices/technologies to enhance the quantity and quality of plant materials as a renewable feedstock base.
- Developments to increase plant biomass yields.
- Improvements in harvesting technology and supply chain logistics.
Biomass Physicochemical Analysis
- Plant science to enhance the quantity and quality of plant materials as a renewable feedstocks base.
- Native structure and diversity of plant cell walls.
- Breeding or manipulation of plant cell wall composition to improve plant yield or processing characteristics.
- In planta expression of enzymes or coproducts.
- Physicochemical characterization of biomass feedstocks and processing intermediates.
- Improved methods for physical or compositional analysis of biomass materials.
- Progress in high throughput and rapid analysis techniques for biomass.
- Fundamentals and biophysical origins of biomass recalcitrance.
- Understanding plant cell wall structure and composition.
- Improvements in cost-effective deconstruction of biomass.
Topic Area 2 - Conversion Technologies
Biomass Pretreatment and Fractionation
Microbial Science and Technology
- Developments in chemical and biochemical pretreatment or fractionation processes to improve biochemical conversion.
- Progress improving existing pretreatment/fractionation technologies
- Advances in new pretreatment/fractionation approaches, including ionic liquids
Enzyme Science and Technology
- Development of new or improved microorganisms for biorefining applications.
- Cellular and molecular biology of fungal systems.
- Anaerobic transformation of biomass by microbes or microbial communities.
- Biotechnologies to improve microorganisms for the production of fuels other than ethanol and butanol.
Bioprocessing and Separations Technology
- Discovery, characterization, and improvement of enzymes for biomass.
- Application of enzymes to biorefinery processes.
- Progress on cost reduction of enzymes for biorefining
- Advances in the molecular level understanding of enzyme mechanisms (theoretical or experimental).
- Advances in the development, testing, integration and demonstration of bioconversion processes at various stages of process scale up (bench through pilot an larger scales).
- Improvements in biorefinery-related separations processes
- Progress in in situ product or biocatalyst recovery
Topic Area 3 - Fuels and Chemicals Products (Production, Supply and Use)
Biofuels and Biorefinery Economics and Sustainability
Emerging Biofuels and Chemicals
- Techno-economic evaluation of biorefinery operations
- Life cycle assessment of renewable feedstock based biorefineries
- Advances in understanding and measuring environmental sustainability for biorefineries, including considerations beyond energy efficiency such as land availability, soil quality and water use.
Biorefinery Commercialization and Deployment
- Biotechnologies for the production of liquid fuels and chemicals other than ethanol and butanol.
- Progress in developing biochemical technologies to produce new fuels such as biogasoline and higher alcohols,
- Advances in merging thermochemical processes with biological conversion, as well as new targets for biomass-derived chemicals.
- Progress in demonstrating and deploying advanced biofuels/biorefining technologies.
- Alternative approaches for utilizing biomass for liquid fuels production.
- Improvements to the efficiency of integrated biochemical cellulose conversion processes.